Statelessness in Mauritania: A Brief Account of a Long History of Discrimination

The Legal Agenda

The general population and housing census conducted between March 25 and April 8, 2013 found that Mauritania has a population of 3,537,368. Youth constitute 50.7% of the population, women constitute 51%, and nomadic Bedouins constitute 1.09%. Twenty-seven percent of the population inhabits the capital Nouakchott, and the population growth rate is 2.77%, according to the Office of National Statistics. It is estimated that White Moors constitute 30% of the population, while Haratin people (former slaves) constitute 40%, and the Hassaniya dialect unites these two groups. The third population group consists of black Africans of the Soninke, Fula, and Wolof tribes and constitutes 30%. The vast majority of Mauritanian citizens are Muslims, a factor that has led to gradual unity and integration, and helped Arabize high culture. In pre-modern times, Mauritania was known by numerous names: Bilad al-Mulathameen (the land of the Mulathameen or ‘scarfed people’), Bilad al-Sanhaja (the land of the Sanhaja), Bilad al-Tukulor (the land of the Tukulor), Western Sudan, and al-Mankib al-Barzakhi(the isthmian highland). The modern name Mauritania was first given in 1843 by the French officer Jean Francois Caille. This diverse ethnic and historical background reflected by the aforementioned names led, in the past, to religious harmony. In modern times and from this background, a series of essentially ethnic frictions emerged largely as a result of French colonialism. These frictions deepened as the modern state arose after the country gained independence on November 28, 1960.

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Tanzania: Hints on MZ Leaders’ Row Dropped

The Citizen

Mwanza — A Statement from the Mwanza regional commissioner, Magessa Mulongo claiming that his former Regional Administrative Secretary, Dr Faisal Issa, is a Somali, with controversial Tanzania citizenship, is the root cause of a battle between the two, which culminated in the latter’s dismissal.

The two were reportedly engaging in personal attacks during the Regional defense and security meeting held in Mwanza on January 15, this year.

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Seydou Kane : ” Pourquoi j’ai 3 passeports diplomatiques gabonais, malien et sénégalais”

Dakaractu

Dans un entretien avec un journal gabonais, l’homme d’affaires Seydou Kane est revenu sur l’histoire de ses trois passeports diplomatiques gabonais, malien et sénégalais.

Pour expliquer cela, Seydou Kane dira : ” Je voudrais d’abord lever l’équivoque sur mon passeport gabonais, pour dire que je suis devenu gabonais à ma demande, parce que j’aime profondément ce pays et je ne vis donc pas ma citoyenneté gabonaise à moitié ni par opportunisme. Je connais beaucoup de personnes qui font des affaires dans des pays sans y résider, moi, ça fait plus de trente ans que je vis dans ce pays, en dehors des voyages d’affaires, je demeure au Gabon en permanence et c’est justement parce que j’ai une fréquence de déplacements à l’international très élevée et parce que je me suis également engagé à faire la promotion du climat des affaires au Gabon dans des forums économiques où se rencontrent les entrepreneurs à l’instar du NYFA qui se tient chez nous chaque année, que l’on m’a fait bénéficier d’un passeport diplomatique, pour une obtention rapide des visas.

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Got two passports? You could be in danger of losing SA citizenship

News 24

South Africans choosing to work and live in another country, may be surprised to discover they’re no longer citizens of South Africa should they choose to acquire the citizenship of their adoptive country, due to the stricter application of an old Citizenship Act.

According to vague amendments to the South African Citizenship Act 88 of 1995, it states that unless South African expats specifically apply for written permission (from the Minister of Home Affairs) to keep their South African citizenship, they will lose it by default.

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Open Letter to Minister of Social Development

News 24

Dear Honourable Minister Bathabile Dlamini.

Honourable Minister, I’m writing this letter to you as a matter of concern in relation to an African Granny, the then mother, the then wife and an inhabitant of South Africa by virtue of the fact that she has been in South Africa for years now. It is within our Constitution that the granny Gogo Mtivane who also has rights and such rights have to be protected like any other inhabitant of our country. It is in the Chapter Two of the Constitution, THE BILL OF RIGHTS, that the whole world applauded our Supreme Law. Section 2 of the Contitution states thus: “This Constitution is the supreme law of the Republic; law or conduct inconsistent with it is invalid, and the obligations imposed by it must be fulfilled.”

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